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Aelfgar, Earl of Mercia, and Aelfgifu
AELFGAR, Earl of Mercia. (Ælfgar).
Son of Leofric III, Earl of Mercia, and Lady Godiva.
It is often said that his mother was Godgifu (the Lady Godiva), although others think that he was probably born of an earlier marriage. (S3).
Ælfgar gained from the exile of Earl Godwin of Wessex and his sons in 1051. He was given the Earldom of East Anglia, which had been that of Harold, son of Godwin. Earl Godwin and King Edward were reconciled the following year, so Harold was restored to his earldom - but not for long. At Easter 1053 Godwin died, so Harold became Earl of Wessex, and the earldom of East Anglia returned to Aelfgar.
He married Aelfgifu, daughter of Ethelred II, The Unready.
Aelfgar was banished in 1055 by the orders of King Edward the Confessor and went, accompanied by his family, first to Ireland and afterwards, Wales, where he formed an alliance with Gruffydd. Aelfgar learned from the tactics Godwin used to put pressure on King Edward. Aelfgar and Gryffydd raised an army in Ireland and Wales, and built a fleet of 18 ships in Ireland. Together they attacked Hereford, and clashed with the forces of Ralph the Timid, Earl of Hereford, on 24 October 1055, two miles from Hereford, and soundly defeated them.
Ralph the Timid and his men eventually took flight, and Gruffydd and Ælfgar pursued them, killing and wounding as they went, and enacting savage reprisals on Hereford. They despoiled and burnt the town, killing many of its citizens. King Edward ordered an army mustered and put Earl Harold in charge of it. This was more formidable opposition, and Ælfgar and Gruffydd fled to South Wales. However the issue was resolved by diplomacy and Aelfgar was reinstated as Earl of Eas Anglia.
He succeeded to his father's title and responsibilities as the Earl of Mercia on his father's death in 1057.
Prior to the Norman conquest in 1066, the manor of Aston (Aston Cantlow in Warwickshire) was held by Earl Ælfgar, son of Earl Leofric who had died in 1057, and the husband of Lady Godiva. (Wikipedia).
He died (about 1062-S3)(after 1062).
Daughter of Ethelred II "the Unready" King of England and Alfflaed (Aelfgifu).
CHILDREN of AELFGAR and AELFGIFU:
- Edith Swan-neck (Ealdgyth). [familytree]. Of Mercia. She married (1) Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, King of Gwynedd, Powys, Gwent, Glywysing, and Deheubarth. They were married in 1058 AD. Gruffydd had been an ally of her father. On 5 August 1063, Edith's husband Gruffydd was killed at Snowdonia fleeing from the invading army of Harold Godwinson, Earl of Wessex. She married (2) Harold Godwinson, Earl of Wessex, in 1064 at York, England. On Ephiphany, 6 January 1066 Harold was crowned King Harold II, King of England. Harold was killed at Hastings on 14 October 1066. Edith was seven months pregnant at the time of his death. Their son Harold was born in December 1066. Edith died sometime after 1070.
- Eadwine. (Edwin). He succeeded his father as Earl of Mercia.
- Morkere. (Morcar). He was elected Earl of Northumbria when Tostig Godwinson was driven out by the Northumbrians.
- [S1]. http://www.isdesigners.com/lady1.htm
- [S2]. http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~pmcbride/rfc/gw96.htm#I7890
- [S3]. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Accessed 20 MAR 2010. QUOTES as sources: a) Ann Williams, ‘Ælfgar, earl of Mercia (d. 1062?)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004. b) The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. c) The Chronicle of John of Worcester ed. and trans. R.R. Darlington, P. McGurk and J. Bray (Clarendon Press: Oxford 1995), pp.576-79.
ANCESTORS OF AELFGAR, EARL OF MERCIA
Leofwine (c950-c1023), Ealdorman of Mercia, and Alwara
Leofric III (c1000-1057), Earl of Mercia, and Lady Godiva (Godgifu)
Aelfgar, Earl of Mercia (c1030-c1062) and Aelfgifu
HOW ARE WE RELATED
AELFGAR and Aelfgifu
Harold II Godwinson = Edith Swan-neck (Ealdgyth) = Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, King of Wales
Vladimir Monomakh=Gytha of England Trahaern ap Caradoc = NESTA verch Gruffydd = Osbern FitzRichard
Mstislav LLYARCH, Prince of North Wales = Dyddgu verch Iorwerth
Euphrosyne GWLADYS verch Llywarch = Owain Gwynedd
Bela III IOWORTH Drwyndwn = MARET of Powys-Vadoc
Andrew II LLEWELLYN ap Ioworth = Tangwystl Verch Llywarch/Joan
Bela IV |
Stephen V Reginald de Braose = Gladys D’HU = Ralph de MORTIMER
Maria of Hungary |
Margaret of Naples Roger de Mortimer = Maud de Braiose
Jeanne of Naples /
Edward III,K.of Eng.=Phillipa of Hainault ? = (Sir) Edmund de Mortimer = Margaret de Fiennes
| | |
| Isolde de Mortimer = Hugh de Audley Roger de Mortimer = Joan de Greneville
[see Chart A1] / _____________________________|___
/ | |
Hugh de Audley=Margaret de Clare Katherine Mortimer=Thomas Beauchamp Edmund Mortimer=Elizabeth Badlesmere
Margaret Audley = Ralph de Stafford | |
/ | Roger Mortimer
/ ____________|___ |
/ | | Edmund Mortimer
Hugh Stafford = Philippa Beauchamp Maud Beauchamp=Roger de Clifford Roger Mortimer
Edmund Stafford=Anne of Woodstock Thomas de Clifford Anne Mortimer
Humphrey Stafford=Anne Neville John de Clifford Richard, Duke of York
Margaret Stafford=Robert Dunham Thomas de Clifford Edward IV, King of England
John Dunham=Elizabeth Bowett Maud Clfford Elizabeth Plantagenet
John Dunham II=Jean Thorland Edward Sutton Sybel Lumley
John Dunham III=Benedict Fulgamsee John Sutton William Hilton
Ralph Dunham=Elizabeth Wentworth Henry Dudley-Sutton Mark Roger Hilton
Thomas Dunham=Jane Bromley Roger Dudley Rebecca Hilton
John Dunham=Susanna Kenney Thomas Dudley Anna Roberts
John Dunham=Mary Samuel Dudley Joseph Philbrick
Mary Dunham=James Hamblin Dorothy Dudley Ester Philbrick
Elkenah Hamblin=Abigail Hamblin Joseph Leavitt Anne Rand
Sylvanus Hamblin=Dorcas Fish Nathaniel Leavitt |
Branabus Hamblin=Mary Bassett Jeremiah Leavitt --- = --- Sarah Shannon
Isaiah Hamblin=Daphne Haynes Jeremiah Leavitt
Jacob Vernon Hamblin ----------- = -------------- Sarah Priscilla Leavitt
Ella Ann Hamblin=Warren Moroni Tenney
Clive Vernon Tenney=Minnie Williams
Mildred Ella Tenney=Glenn Russell Handy
Deborah Lee Handy