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Baldwin V, Count of Flanders, and Adele of France
Baldwin V. Count of Flanders from 1035 until his death. [Familytree].
Born 19 August 1012 at Arras, Flanders; son of BALDWIN IV, Count of Flanders, and Ogive of Luxembourg. He was of Lille.
In 1028 Baldwin married Adela (Alix), daughter of King Robert II of France. At her instigation he rebelled against his father but in 1030 peace was sworn and the old count continued to rule until his death. From 1060 to 1067 he was the guardian for his nephew-by-marriage Philip I of France. (S2).
His father died in 1035, upon which he became Count of Flanders from 1035 until his death. (S2).
During a long war (1046–1056) as an ally of Godfrey the Bearded, Duke of Lorraine, against the Holy Roman Emperor Henry III, he initially lost Valenciennes to of Herman, Count Mons. However, when the latter died in 1049 Baldwin married his son Baldwin VI to Herman's widow Richilde, and arranged that the children of her first marriage were disinherited, thus de facto uniting the County of Hainaut with Flanders. (S2).
Upon the death of Henry III this marriage was acknowledged by treaty by Agnes de Poitou, mother and regent of Henry IV. Baldwin V played host to a grateful dowager queen Emma of England, during her enforced exile, at Bruges. He supplied armed security guards, entertainment, comprising a band of minstrels. Bruges was a bustling commercial centre, and Emma fittingly grateful to the citizens. She dispensed generously to the poor, making contact with the monastery of Saint Bertin at St Omer, and received her son, King Harthacnut of England at Bruges in 1039. (S2).
Between 1052 and 1060 he befriended William, the Conqueror. (S1).
From 1060 to 1067 Baldwin was the co-Regent with Anne of Kiev for his nephew-by-marriage Philip I of France, indicating the importance he had acquired in international politics. As Count of Maine, Baldwin supported the King of France in most affairs. But he was also father-in-law to William of Normandy, who had married his daughter Matilda. Flanders played a pivotal role in Edward the Confessor's foreign policy. As the King of England was struggling to find an heir: historians have argued that he may have sent Harold Godwinsson to negotiate the return of Edward the Atheling from Hungary, and passed through Flanders, on his way to Germany. Baldwin's half-sister had married Earl Godwin's third son, Tostig. The half-Viking Godwinsons had spent their exile in Dublin, at a time William of Normandy was fiercely defending his duchy. It is unlikely however that Baldwin intervened to prevent the duke's invasion plans of England, after the Count had lost the conquered province of Ponthieu. (S2).
Baldwin died on 1 September 1067 at Lille, Flanders. (S2).
Adela. (Adele, Alix). [Familytree].
Daughter of Robert II, The Pious, King of France, and Constance of Tolouse
In 1028 Baldwin married Adèle of France in Amiens, daughter of King Robert II of France. (S2).
She died on 5 June 1063.
CHILDREN of BALDWIN V, Count of Flanders, and Adela of France:
- Baldwin VI. 1030-1070.He married Richilde, widow of Herman, Count Mons.
- MATILDA. [Familytree]. Born about 1031. She married William the Conqueror. She died on 2 November 1083. She was the mother of ten children who survived to adulthood, including two kings, William II and Henry I.
- Robert I of Flanders, c.1033–1093
- Henry of Flanders c.1035
- [S1]. The Lives of the Kings & Queens of England. Ed. by Antonia Fraser. 1975. Alfred A. Knopf:New York.
- [S2]. Baldwin V, Count of Flanders. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baldwin_V,_Count_of_Flanders. QUOTES as sources: a) Frans J. Van Droogenbroeck, De markenruil Ename – Valenciennes en de investituur van de graaf van Vlaanderen in de mark Ename, Handelingen van de Geschied- en Oudheidkundige Kring van Oudenaarde 55 (2018) S. 47-127. b) Oksanen, Eljas (2012). Flanders and the Anglo-Norman World, 1066-1216. Cambridge University Press.
- [S3]. Matilda of Flanders. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matilda_of_Flanders.
HOW ARE WE RELATED:
Baldwin V, Count of Flanders and Adele of France
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