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Thomas Barnard and Eleanor

HUSBAND:
Thomas BARNARD.
Born (about 1612-S)(on 10 August 1612-S1) at Lowestoft, Suffolk, England. (S1,S2).

Said to be the son of:
son of John Barnard and Phebe. (S?).
or Son of Thomas Barnard and Anne Cooke. (S1,S2).
or Son of Thomas Barnard and Margery Arnold. (S1).cc
or Son of William E Barnard and Emily E Nye. (S1).

The most likely of these appears to be Thomas Barnard and Anne Cooke.

Charles Edward Banks suggests that Robert Barnard may have been from the Parish of Brandstone in Suffolk.Banks, Charles Edward, 1854-1931. Topographical Dictionary of 2885 English Emigrants to New England, 1620-1650. Philadelphia, Pa: [The Bertram press], 1937. 150. (S1). This appears to be part of the confusion about who his parents were.

Thomas Bernard, son of Thomas Bernard, was christened on 10 August 1617 at Romford, Essex, England. (S5). It is often assumed that this is the same Thomas, and so 1617 is often given as the year of his birth.

Thomas is said to have emigrated from England to Salisbury, Massachusetts in 1640. However, his house lot is shown on the map of Salisbury in 1639. (S1).
It is said that he emigrated from England to Salisbury, Massacusetts about 1634. (S4).
John Barnard emigrated in 1634 on the ship Francis, and settled at Cambridge. (S8). Was this perhaps a cousin? and were they perhaps on the same ship? They appear to be somehow related, as John Barnard and his wife Mary Stace both bequeath to Francis and Eleanor in their wills in 1664. (S8).
He married Eleanor (Helen) (Morse?). (S1).
They were married in 1640 in Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts. (S4)

He is mentioned in the records as planter and husbandman. He received lands in the first division of Salisbury in 1640-43. He was one of the signers of the 'articles of agreement' and one of the first eighteen commoners of Salisbury. (S1).

He was one of the signers of the 'articles of agreement' and one of the first eighteen commoners of Salisbury. (S1).

On 1 Jan 1658, he and another were chosen to order the prudential affairs of the county, and in the latter part of the same month was one of two persons chosen 'standing lot layers' and as such he served for many years. He was one of the ten original purchasers of Nantucket. (S1).

The history of Nantucket's settlement by the English did not began in earnest until 1659, when Thomas Mayhew sold his interest to the "nine original porchasers," Tristram Coffin, Thomas Macy, Christopher Hussey, Richard Swayne, Thomas Barnard, Peter Coffin, Stephen Greenleafe, John Swayne and William Pike, "for the sum of thirty Pounds...and also two beaver hats, one for myself, and one for my wife." Seamen and tradesmen began to populate Nantucket, such as Richard Gardner son of Thomas Gardner (planter) who moved there from Salem in 1667. (S1).

Thomas was selected as a partner by his brother, Robert, who was among the first ten purchasers of Nantucket. Thomas himself never lived at Nantucket. He was one of the signatories to articles of agreement between the inhabitants of the "old Town" and the "New Town" in May 1654 in company with Thomas Macy, John Severance and others. He transferred one-half of his share to his brother, Robert, and his son Nathaniel represented him on the Island in the other half share. (S1).

Thomas was a very prominent man, and often served as moderator of the town meetings, as selectman, and in several other important offices. (S1).

He was killed by indians on 7 July 1677 at (Salisbury)(Amesbury), Essex County, Massachusetts, during King Philip's War. He was buried at the Golgotha Burial Ground in Amesbury, Essex, Massachusetts. (S1).

Estate Of Thomas Barnard, Sr of Amesbury, Essex Probate Docket # 1785
Administration upon the estate of Tho. Barnard, sr., late of Amsberie, who was killed by Indians, was granted Oct. 9, 1677, to Elener, the relict, and she with as many of her husband's children as she could get were ordered to come to the next Salisbury court for a division of the estate between the children and the widow. Hampton Quarterly Court Records, vol. 2, page 76.
He died without having made a will. Philip Challis, Thomas Wells and John Weed inventoried his estate for the court.
"ye Dwelling house, Barne, orchard & homestead, 140 pounds ;a 40 acre lott at ye back river, 25 pounds; 3 acres of meadow att ye pond meadows,6 pounds; two acres of meadow att ye new meadows , 2 pounds 10s; 4 acres of meadow in ye higglety pigleyes, 20 pounds;a sweepage lott, 12 pounds; 10 acres more or less on salisbury side on ye powow River, 20 pounds; 200 acres att ye great lotts, 40 pounds; a 40 acre lott in ye Champion land, 20 pounds; a 50 acre lott att ye childrens land, 25 pounds; a Bugmore lott, 5 pounds; a 40 acre River lott, 38 pounds; 40 acre Lott on ye division beyond ye pond, 16 pounds; a 10 acre lott in ye ox pastures & a swamp lott, 10 pounds; twoe lotts in ye Lyons mouth, 10 pounds; a payre of oxen, 14 pounds; 4 cowes, 16 pounds, 2 2 yr. Old heifers & advantage & 3 yearlings, 12 pounds; 3 calves, 2 pounds; eight sheep young & old, 3 pounds 5s; a young horse, 2 pounds; 10 swine old & younge, 7 pounds; 8 hives of bees, 2 pounds; English, Indian corne & Flax, 12 pounds; Cart wheels, Irons, chaine, plow & Irons, yokes, 3 pounds; Betle Rings, wedges, axes, howes, forkes, shave, 10s; Iron potts, Kettle, tramells, spitt, Frying pan, tongues, 2 pounds 10s; Brass & pewter ware,2 pounds 162; Bedds, Bedding, Bedsteads, curtains, vallants, 25 pounds 10s; Table linnen & hand towells, 2 pounds 10s; his wearing clothes yt were left, 8 pounds; His Bible wth twoe other Bookes, 10s; woll & wollen & linnen yarne, 3 pounds 14s; Cubbard, Table, chaires, wheels, formes, 3 pounds; old caske, trayes, Dishes, spones & other necessaries, 3 pounds 14s; Baggs, saddle & grindlestone, 11 pounds 10s; a bull: & 7 yds. Of cloth, 4 pounds 10s; his right in common land drawd for but undivided, 5 pounds; in money, 4s; a bill from Nathaniell Griffin due to ye sd Barnerd, 15s; Due from his son att Nantucquett pr. Bill, 80 pounds; where of is payd & received 4 barrells of beefe & 30 lbs. Of sheeps wool, shingle nailes, 4s.total 607 pounds 12 shillings. Attested in Hampton court 9: 8m: 1677 by Ellenor Barnard, widow of Thomas Barnard, and administratrix of his estate." The settlement of the estate is as follows; "Elenor Barnard, administratrix of the estate of Tho. Barnard of Amesbury, with four of her sons, asking for a settlement of the estate, court April 9, 1678, ordered to the widow, 200 pounds., comprising the house and home lot, half of the higgledee piggledee lot of salt marsh and the whole sweepage lot at the beach at the prices entered in the inventory, and such things as she desires as per the inventory. Court ordered that unless there be a necessity, as the court should judge, for the sale of any of the lands for her maintenance, she should not sell it or give it away except to one or more of her children. Court also ordered that a due respect being had to what any of the children have already received as portions, the same should be divided among the rest of the children, the eldest son having a double portion. Capt. Tho. Bradbury, Leift. Phillip Challis and John Weed, upon request of some of the children of the widow Barnard, were impowered to divide the estate of their father Tho. Barnard which was given to them, and to make return to the next Norfolk court. Salisbury Quarterly Court Records, vol 2, leaf 87. Tho. Bradbury, Phillip Challis and John Weed having been appointed by the court Apr. 9, 1678 to divide the estate of Thos. Barnard of Amesbury, who died intestate, have accordingly apportioned to the widow Barnard 200 pounds. and to Tho. Barnard the eldest son 83 pounds. and to the rest of the children, eight in number, 41 pounds. 10s. each, and some overplus their mother to have. Dated Apr. 6, 1679, and approved by the court Apr. 8, 1679. Salisbury Quarterly Court Records, vol. 2, leaf 69. The disposal of part of the lands of Tho. Barnard, Sr. of Salisbury, who died intestate, by a committee appointed by the court: to his relict, the dwelling house, barne & homested, 140 pounds.; halfe ye higledee piglede lot of salt marsh, 10 pounds.; ye whole sweepage lot at ye beach, 12 pounds. To Tho. Barnard ye eldest son, a lot at ye back River, 25 pounds.; halfe ye higle piglee marsh lot, 10 pounds.; ye right in comon land, 5 pounds.; 10 upland & 2 acre lot of meadow, 14 pounds. Acknowledged and accepted Mar. 24, 1683-4 by Thomas Barnard" Norfolk County Records, vol. 3, leaf. (S1,S4).

On 1/21/72, Ruth Barnard married Thomas's brother-in-law, Joseph Peaslee. Ruth and Joseph's first child, Mary, was conceived out of wedlock and born on 7/14/72. Consequently, at the quartlerly court session at Salisbury on April 8,1673, "Joseph P. and Ruth, his wife, presented for fornication, confessed and were sentenced to be whipped tomorrow or pay a fine of 6 pounds". The record does not state which they choose. Thomas was a "planter" or "husbandman". His name appears on nearly all the early lists, down to 1672 His widow Eleanor administered his estate Oct, 1677. (S1,S4).

WIFE:
Eleanor (Morse?). (Helen)(Hellenah).

She married (1) Thomas BARNARD.

In 1664 Mary Stacy (Stace), wife of John Barnard, in her will, provides to Eleanor:
the rest of my wearing linen to my nurse & the wife of Francis Barnard to be divided between them. Also: to Francis Barnard moveables and tho his wife moveables; to his son Thomas ten pounds to be improved in bringing him up as school and my new Bible. Also: to the children of my brothers Daniell & William Stace to be equally divided between them, according to certain conditions, but if the conditions are not met, then to the aforesaid Thomas Barnard; what of my household goods is to be set to sale...my nurse & the wife of Francis Barnard may have he said refusal thereof. my friends Richard Goodman & Francis Barnard to be my exectuors and overseers. (S8).
The inventory of the estate of Mary Barnard late deceased in Hadley, taken 15 February 1664-1665. (S8).

From Essex Vital Records:

Elenor Barnard, administratrix of the estate of Tho. Barnard of Amesbury, with four of her sons, asking for a settlement of the estate, court April 9, 1678, ordered to the widow, 200li., comprising the house and home lot, half of the higgledee piggledee lot of salt marsh and the whole sweepage lot at the beach at the prices entered in the inventory, and such things as she desires as per the inventory. Court ordered that unless there be a necessity, as the court should judge, for the sale of any of the lands for her maintenance, she should not sell it or give it away except to one or more of her children. Court also ordered that a due respect being had to what any of the children have already received as portions, the same should be divided among the rest of the children, the eldest son having a double portion. (S4).

Capt. Tho. Bradbury, Leift. Phillip Challis and John Weed, upon request of some of the children of the widow Barnard, were impowered to divide the estate of their father Tho. Barnard which was given to them, and to make return to the next Norfolk court. Salisbury Quarterly Court Records, vol 2, leaf 87. (S4).

Tho. Bradbury, Phillip Challis and John Weed having been appointed by the court Apr. 9, 1678 to divide the estate of Thos. Barnard of Amesbury, who died intestate, have accordingly apportioned to the widow Barnard 200li. and to Tho. Barnard the eldest son 83li. and to the rest of the children, eight in number, 41li. 10s. each, and some overplus their mother to have. Dated Apr. 6, 1679, and approved by the court Apr. 8, 1679.
Salisbury Quarterly Court Records, vol. 2, leaf 69. (S4).

The disposal of part of the lands of Tho. Barnard, sr. of Salisbury, who died intestate, by a committee appointed by the court: to his relict, the dwelling house, barne & homested, 140li.; halfe ye higledee piglede lot of salt marsh, 10li.; ye whole sweepage lot at ye beach, 12li. To Tho. Barnard ye eldest son, a lot at ye back River, 25li.; halfe ye higle piglee marsh lot, 10li.; ye right in comon land, 5li.; 10 upland & 2 acre lot of meadow, 14li.
Acknowledged and accepted Mar. 24, 1683-4 by Thomas Barnard
Norfolk County Records, vol. 3, leaf 316. (S4).

She married (2) George Little of Newbury on 19 July 1681 at Newbury, Essex County, Massachusetts. (S1,S7).

She died 27 November 1694. (S1).

Essex Probate Docket # 16844.
Acquittance of William Hackett and Sarah Hackett his wife, of Salisbury, to their brother Jon Barnerd of Amesbury, administrator to the estate of their mother Ellenor Little, deceased, they having received full satisfaction out of the estates of their mother Ellenor Little and their father Thomas Barnerd. Signed and sealed Jan. 31, 1695-6. Witness: Thomas Wells, John Hoyt, Samuel Clough. Acknowledged Feb. 20, 1695 by William Hakat and Sara his wife. (S1).

Acquittance of Samuel Fellows, jr. and Abigail his wife, of Salisbury, to their brother John Barnerd of Amesbury, administrator to the estate of Ellenor Little of Amesbury, they having received full satisfaction out of the estates of their father Thomas Barnerd and mother Ellenor Little. Signed and sealed Jan. 24, 1695-6. Witness: Thomas Wells, Thomas Weed. Acknowledged Mar. 14, 1695-6 by Samuell Fellows and Abigal his wife and she yielded up her right of dower befre Robert Pike, Just. of the Peace. (S1).

Acquittance of Phelep Eastman and Mary Eastman to their brother John Barnerd of Amesbury, administrator to the estate of their mother Elenor Little of Amesbury who was administratrix to the estate of their father Thomas Barnerd of Amesbury, they having received full satisfaction out of the estates of their father and mother. Signed and sealed June 25, 1695. Witness: Thomas Wells, Thomas (his X mark) Barnerd Senr. Mr. Thomas Wells and Thomas Barnerd, Senr., made oath June 22, 1697, that they saw Elizabeth Estman and Mary sign, seal and deliver this acquittance. (S1).

Acquittance of Nathaniell Barnard, sr. of Nantucket to his brother John Barnard of Amesbury, administrator to the estates of their mother Elener Little of Amesbury, deceased, who was administratrix to the estate of their father Thomas Barnard of Amesbury, of all portions due unto him from said estates. Dated Aug. 29, 1695. Witness: Tho. Currier, Samll. Weed. Acknowledged Aug. 29 1695 by Nathaniell Barnard before Robert Pike, Just. of Peace. (S1).

Acquittance of Hannah Stevens of Salisbury, relict of Benjamin Stevens late of Salisbury, and administratrix to his estate, to John Barnerd of Amesbury administrator to the estate of her mother Ellenor Little of Amesbury, she having received full satisfaction out of the estates of her mother Ellenor Little and father Thomas Barnerd. Signed and sealed Nov. 5, 1695. Witness: Thomas Freame, Joseph Hoyt. (S1).

Acknowledged Feb. 20, 1695 by Hanah Steevens, widow. Acquittance of Joseph Peasely of Haveril, husbandman, and Ruth Peasly his wife to John Barnerd of Amesbury, administrator to the estate of their mother Ellenor Little of Amesbury, they having received 8li. in money out of the estates of their mother Ellenor Little and father Thomas Barnerd. Signed and sealed May 24, 1697. Witness: Thomas Wells, Thomas Currier. Acknowledged Nov. 29, 1697 by Joseph and Ruth Peasley before Nath. Saltonstall, Just. of the Peace. (S1).

Acquittance of Samuell Bucknum of Newbury, feltmaker, and Martha his wife, to John Barnerd administrator to the estate of their mother Ellenor Little of Amesbury, deceased, they having received a great iron kettle out of the estates of their father Thomas Barnerd and mother Ellenor Little of Amesbury. Signed and sealed June 22, 1697. Witness: Thomas Wells, Jeremiah Easman. Acknowledged June 22, 1697 by Samuell Buckeman and Martha his wife, and she also yielded up her right of dower. (S1).

CHILDREN of Thomas BARNARD and Eleanor:


SOURCES:

HOW ARE WE RELATED:
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John Barnard and Francis Hoyt
Dorothy Barnard and Richard Currier
Aaron Currier and Electa Wells
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Ebenezer Ferrin and Lydia Phelps
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Lydia Powell Ferrin and George William Washington Williams 
George William Williams and Harriett Thurston 
Minnie Williams and Clive Vernon Tenney 
Mildred Ella Tenney and Glenn Russell Handy 
Deborah Lee Handy and Rodney Allen Morris