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Augustin Bearse and Mary Hyano

Augustin (Augustine, Austin) BEARSE (BEARSS-S5)(Be Arce-S7).
Born about January 1618 (at or near Southampton, England)(in Longstock, Hampshire, England-S10) (in Europe-S7); son of Gauche BE ARCE.

He was of London, England.

He left Southampton on 24 April 1638, at age 20, "in the good Shipp, the Confidence of London, of two hundred tonnes."

[It appears from this that he may have been from London and only have sailed from Southampton. RAM]

He was said to be a full blood Gypsy of the Romany Race, of the tribe of Herne or Heron and was deported by the British Government, on the ship Confidence of London in 1638, entered on the passenger list as Augustine BeArce, single age 20 years. (S7).

Some say that he was deported for minor infractions of the law, others say that he had committed no crime, but was deported for life to the colonies, because he was of Romany Blood, and was caught on British soil. {S7, S10}. He went to Barnstable, on Cape Cod, with the first company in 1639.

He married Mary HYANO in Mattachest Village, Barnstable, Massachusetts (now Barnstable, Barnstable Co., Massachusetts), apparently about 1639 and shortly after his move to Barnstable.
He married summer of 1639 in Machatache Village Cape Cod, under Indian ceremonial rights, to Mary Hyanno. (S7).

At the time of the marriage of Austine and Mary, some of the best land in Barnstable County was ceded verbally and held jointly by old Highyannough to Austine and Mary, and was held by the family for three generations, without any written deed. In those days at Plymouth no Puritan maid would marry a Romany, on account of religious and racial scruples, so Austine took to wife, lovely flaming haired, Mary Hyanno, (my tradition states that Mary Hyanno had red hair) who had just reached the age of puberty. (S7).

The marriage of Austine and Mary was a powerful factor in preventing Highyannough and the Cape tribes from attacking the English. (S7).

His house lot consisted of 12 acres of very rocky land, and was in the westerly part of the East Parish. It was bounded on the west by John Crocker’s land, on the north by the meadow, on the east by Isaac Robinson’s land, and on the south by the woods. His house stood on the north side of the road. The road from his house to Hyannis became known as Bearse’s Way.” He owned 6 acres of meadow adjoining his upland on the north, and two “thatch” islands still known as “Bearse’s Islands.” He also had 6 acres of land in the Calves Pasture, esteemed to be the best soil in the town. He had 8 acres of planting land on the north side of Shoal Pond, now called “Huckin’s Neck”, bounded by Cooper’s land. He also had 30 acres at the Indian Ponds bounded on the east by the Herring River. He sold the Indian Pond lot to Thomas Allyn. He was a farmer, living off the produce of his land.

Austine joyned the Puritan Church in 1650 for the protection afforded, and Mary joyned the church that same year; Austine was made a freeman in 1652. (S7)

He became a member of Mr. Lathrop’s Church on 29 APR 1643. His name stands at the head of the list of those who joined after its removal to Barnstable. He appears to have been very exact in the performance of his religious duties, causing his children to be baptized on the Sabath closest to their birth. He was obviously following the teachings of Mr. Lathrop, who considered baptism an ordinance of primary importance. In fact, Mr. Lathrop wrote a book on the subject and had it printed in London. He like many believed that children dying unbaptized were lost, and that it was the duty of parents to present their children early for baptism.

He was one of the very few against whom no complaint was ever made. He brought up his large family to be useful members of society.

He was proposed to be admitted as a freeman on 3 June 1652, and was admitted the following year on 3 MAY 1653. He was a Grand Juror in 1653. He was a Grand Juror again in 1662. He was a surveyor of highways in 1674.

His death date has not been found, but he was living in 1686 and died before 1697.
He died 1686 in Barnstable, Barnstable Co., Massachusetts. {S10}; and was buried at Barnstable, Massachusetts. (S7).

Mary HYANO. (HYANNO)(Little Dove).
Born about 1625 at Cummunaquad Barnstable Harbor on Cape Cod, or in Mattachest Village, Massachusetts; daughter of John HYANO (IYAHNOUGH), Mattachee Sagamore (Sachem), and Mary No-pee,daughter of the ruling Sachem at Gay Head, Martha's Vinyard Island. (S7).

Mary Hyanno, wife of Austin Bearce, had flaming hair, a very light skin, the color of bright burnished copper and was very lovely and fair to look upon. (S7). Her red hair and fair skin is said to have been a present from visiting Vikings around 1001 - 1016, who visited Martha's Vineyard Island. Her people had an ancient tradition that a long time before white men had landed on their shores and intermarried with them. This probably indicates a Viking descent. These Indians were a branch of the Wampannoags. The word Wampannoag means White-Indians, and is probably another indication of viking ancestry. {S7, S10}.

Said another way:
One interesting fact brought out in the BEARSE History was that Wampanoag means “White Indian”. It seems that when the Vikings came abt. 1001 - 1016, they were “fierce, red-headed, pale faced men who came, in some cases mixed blood with the Wampanoag, and went back to the endless waters and were never seen no more.” Mary HYANNO was of light complexion and had flaming red hair. (S11).

She married Augustine BEARSE, probably in the summer of 1639 , under Indian marriage rights at Mattachee Indian Village Cape Cod. (S7,S10). The marriage was a powerful factor in preventing Ihyannough and the Cape tribes from attacking the English. [S9 says she married William Cornwell, but I have seen no support for this.RAM].

During the summer of 1933, A. Merlin Steed of Compton, California came in contact with Franklin Ele-wa-tum Bearse, who had proven his identity as an Indian before the courts. In doing so he established the fact that the wife of Austin Bearse, his ancestor, was Mary Hyanno, an Indian princess and daughter of John Hyanno, Sagamore of the Mattachee Indians of Cape Cod, Mass. (S7)

"The evidence as to the identify of the wife of Austin Bearse is found in an unpublished manuscript, entitled: "Who Our Forefathers Really Were. A True Narrative of Our White and Indian Ancestor," by Franklin Ele-wa-tum Bearse (a Scaticoke and Eastern Indian). This manuscript is a certified copy of an original sworn statement now on file in the office of the Litchfield County District Court, in Connecticut, and is accepted by the State Commissioner in Charge of Indian Rights and Claims as an authentic and legal declaration of lineage. It bases its claim as to the identify of Austin Bearse's wife upon statements in the original diary of Zerviah Newcomb, who married Josiah Bearse, a grandson of Austin, and who wrote from personal knowledge of the facts. Her diary is called, "A True Chronicle of the Bearse Family." (S7).

"It is said that the above manuscript is deposited in the Congressional Library and states that Austin Bearse married by Indian rites at the Mattachee Indian village Mary, daughter of John Hyanno, a Mattachee Sagamore, and son of the Sachem Ihyannough who befriended the Pilgrims on their first arrival. In Zerviah Newcomb's diary, Austin Bearse was said to be of the Romany or Gypsy race, and the name was originally Be Arce. He belonged to a family of Continental gypsies who had emigrated to England. (S7).

There was great persecution; for some minor infraction of the English law, Austin was deported to the colonies. On arriving at Plymouth, Austin was the only prisoner allotted to Barnstable. No Puritan girl at that time would marry a gypsy, as there were eligible Puritans to select from. It was therefore natural that he should marry an Indian Princess. (S7).

She joined the Barnstable Church on 7 AUG 1650.

She died and was buried in Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts. (S7, S10).

CHILDREN: of Augustine BEARSE and Mary HYANO:
  1. Mary BEARSE. Born in 1640 in Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts. She was baptized on 6 MAY 1643 at Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts.
  2. Martha BEARSE. Born in 1642 in Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts. She was baptized on 6 MAY 1643 at Barnstable, Barnstble County, Massachusetts.
  3. Priscilla BEARSE. Born 10 MAR 1643-1644 at Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts. She was baptized 11 MAR 1643-1644 at Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts. She married in 1660 to Deacon John HALL, Jr. of Yarmouth, Massachusetts. They had 12 children. They lived in Yarmouth, Massachusetts. She died 30 MAR 1712 at Yarmouth, Barnstable County, Massachusetts. Her gravestone is on the old homestead, now in Dennis, Massachusetts.
  4. Sarah BEARSE. Born on 28 March 1646 at Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts. She was christened on 29 March 1646. She married John HAMBLIN of Barnstable, Massachusetts in August 1667.
  5. Abigail BEARSE. Born 18 December 1647 at Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts. She was baptized 19 DEC 1647 in Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts. She married 12 APR 1670 to Allen NICHOLS of Barnstable. They had 9 children.
  6. Hannah BEARSE. Born 16 NOV 1649 at Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts; and was baptized the same day. (Source 7 says she was baptized two days later on 18 NOV).
  7. Joseph BEARSE. He was born on Sunday, 25 JAN 1651-2 at Barnstable, Massachusetts; and was carried 2 miles to church and baptized the same day. He married 3 DEC 1676 to Martha TAYLOR, daughter of Richard TAYLOR and Ruth WHELDEN (or BURGESS, daughter of Thomas BURGESS-S4) of Yarmouth, Massachusetts. They had 8 children, all born at Barnstable. He served in the Company of Capt. John Gorham, the 2nd Plymouth Company, during the King Philip War. He was in the Narragansett Campaign from DEC 1675 to FEB 1676. For this service, his sons received rights in the town of Gorham, Maine. He died about 1695 in Barnstable, Massachusetts. Some authorities state that he died after 1717.
  8. Hester BEARSE. Born 2 OCT 1653 at Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts; and baptized the same day.
  9. Lydia BEARSE. Born 30 SEP 1655-1656 at Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts.
  10. Rebecca BEARSE. Born in 26 SEP 1657 at Barnstable, Barnstable County, Massachusetts. She was said to have married 17 FEB 1670-1 to William Hunter, but this is undoubtedly an error; in which she is being confused with Rebecca Besse, daughter of the widow Jane Besse, who married William Hunter. This is further indicated by the fact that at the time she would have only been 13 years old.
  11. James BEARSE. Born 31 JUL 1660 at Barnstable, Massachusetts. He was admitted a townsman in 1683, being then only 23 years old. This indicates that he was married at that time, since no unmarried men were admitted townsmen until age 24, and that he had property. In the division of the meadows in 1694, he received 4 acres. In the final division in 1697, 4 acres were confirmed to him. He possibly moved, before 1703, to Halifax, Plymouth County, where a number of Bearse families later resided.