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Born on 9 December 1618 in Westhorpe, Suffolk, England; son of Thomas CLARKE and Rose KERRICH. He was christened there on 16 December 1618.
Joseph Clarke, his three brothers and two sisters, emigrated to New England as early as 1636. He arrived first in Boston. His brother, Dr. John Clarke, was disarmed with others as associates of Anne Hutchinson at Boston on 20 November 1637. His brothers, John and Thomas, left the Massachusetts Bay Colony with the Coddington party and were signers of the Aquidneck agreement on 7 March 1638. Joseph Clarke first appears on the record when he was admitted an inhabitant of the Island of Aquidneck (at Portsmouth) on 24 January 1638/9, and again on 21 February 1638/9.
He soon left Portsmouth for Newport, newly founded by his brother, John Clarke, and others dissatisfied with the government of Portsmouth. He was admitted as an inhabitatnt of Aquidneck (Newport) in 1638. He was made a Freeman at the General Quarter Court held in Newport on 17 DEC 1639.
He married (1) possibly (miss) SAUNDERS, about 1641 in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island. Tobias Saunders of Westerly in his will, dated 9 August 1688, mentions his "cousin Joseph Clarke," probably the son of Joseph Clarke. Joseph Clarke Jr. was a neighbor and associate of Tobias, who bade Clarke and John Maxson Sr. assist his widow as administratrix. As "cousin" was often used to denote a nephew, this would mean that Joseph Clarke's first wife was sister to Tobias Saunders. However, Joseph Clarke Jr. was also a true cousin to Mary (Peckham) Saunders, Tobias's wife and daughter of John and Mary (Clarke) Peckham, and Saunders may have been referring to him in that sense.
He was present in the General Court of Election held at Newport on 12 March 1640, and was listed on the court roll of freemen on 16 March 1641. He served on the grand jury at a Quarter Sessions Court at Portsmouth on 1 December 1641. He is said to have been one of the original members of the First Baptist Church of Newport in 1644, and was a member in full communion in 1648.
Between March 1643 and 15 March 1644, Joseph Clark of Nuport had lands in Newport, consisting of fifty acres, recorded. His lands lay in several parcels, one of thirty acres "lying beyond the mill bounded on the North by the hie way to Sachuis on the East by Stony River on the South by Robert Fields land," another parcel of 2.5 acres between Mr. John Clark's farm and Thomas Clark's cow pasture, a home lot of 3.5 acres lying next to Mr. [John] Clark's swamp at the lot's end, a "cowes hay" or pasture at the southwest corner of the harbor, another "cowes hay" on the east side of Stony River, and one acre of upland bounded by "the Creeke & Thomas Clarks marsh, a way for the bringing forth of hay & bringing thruw cattle to John Peckams marsh & Thomas Clarks marsh excepted." These lands, amounting to 40 acres, were bought by Joseph Clark for an unknown sum as evidenced by the treasurer's receipt produced by him at the recording of the land. (An order issued by the town on 5 June 1639, divided all meadow lands within Newport at a rate of 20 "Cowes meat" to 300 acres of upland, so Joseph can be expected to have given at least two or three cows for his land.) However, Joseph Clarke had an additional ten ac[re]s more granted unto him by vertue of a certaine donation given by the sd Towne to certaine Servants the sd Joseph being serv[an]t to mr John Clark w[hi]ch Tenn ac[re]s is layd forth in and w[i]th the first p[ar]cell of thirtie all w[hi]ch amounting to the No of Fifthe ac[re]s more or less is fully Impropriated to the sd Joseph Clark his heirs or Assignes for ever.
On 25 December 1644, Joseph Clarke deeded five acres of meadow lying on the soutwest side of the harbor in Newport to Robert Stanton of Newport. His land is also mentioned in the record of highways laid out by William Dyre, Nicholas Easton, and Mr. John Clarke dated 15 February 1654. One highway was laid out "from the Mill to Joseph Clarkes...towards the great Comons, and by the side of mr John Clarkes Joseph and Thomas Clarkes lands &c being on the east side thereof went the hie way...to mr Eastons Farme...downe to Stony River...and soe came into the Comons at the Rocks..." On March 10, 1656/7, Joseph Clarke was granted a 1/54th share of the purchase of Conanicut (later, Jamestown) and Dutch Islands, and he also signed on behalf of his brother, it being ordered "that Joseph Clarke shall subscribe hereto in the behalf of his Brother Mr. John Clarke in England." Joseph Clarke, of Newport, was also appointed to the perpetual council that would govern the affairs of Conanicut at the time of the purchase.
He was a charter member of the First Baptist Church on the Island of Aquidneck (now called Rhode Island). He was a member of the 1st Baptist Church of Newport, RI in 1644.
In 16 May 1648, he was made a member of the General Court of Trials to represent the town of Newport.
He married (2) Margaret (TURNER?) (about 1656)(on 16 NOV 1664-S1) in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island.
He was made a Freeman in 1655. Assistant to the Governer 1657, 63, 64, 64, 78, and 1679.
He served on both the grand and petit juries at Warwick on 30 June 1657. His name appears on a list of the freeman of the Colony, of Newport, in 1655. From 1655 on, he is referred to in the records of the Colony as "Mr. Joseph Clarke,"and was a commissioner for Newport at the Court of Commissioners held at Portsmouth on 28 June 1655, at Newport on 19 May 1657, at Portsmouth again on 10 March 1657/8, at Providence on 17 May 1659, and once more at Portsmouth on 23 August 1659. He was made an Assistant (which appears to have been the same as commissioner) for Newport at the General Court of Election held at Warwick on 18 May 1658, and served in this capacity at a General Court of Trials held at Newport in June 1658, at a meeting of the General Counsel held at Warwick on 14 October 1658, at another General Court of Trials held at Warwick on 16 October 1658, at the General Court of Election held at Providence on 17 May 1659, at a General Court of Trials held at Newport on 3 March 1659/60, and at a meeting of the Governor, Deputy Governor, and Assistants held at Newport on 25 November 1663. On 4 July 1657, at a General Court held at Warwick, Mr. Joseph Clarke and three others were authorized to write a letter to Mr. John Clarke in England to request further judgment of the authorities in England in the charges of treason brought against William Harris by Roger Williams. He was also chosen to form a committee with five others at a General Court of Commissioners held at Portsmouth on 23 August 1659, to write a letter of thanks to Mr. John Clarke, to review letters sent to the colony regarding disputes with the "United Colonies, Massachusetts, or Plymouth," and to insturct Mr. Clarke to take such matters before Parliament accordingly. The task of opening letters and informing Mr. Clarke, as well as providing Clarke with a commission from the Colony, was reauthorized to Mr. Joseph Clarke, althouhg he was not an Assistant at the time, and the others at a General Assembly held at Warwick on 18 October 1660.
On 1 November 1661, Tobias Saunders, Robert Burdick, and Joseph Clarke were arrested for taking possession of lands of Southertown, in the Pequot Country, under a warrant issued by the commissioners of the General Court of Massachusetts dated 25 October 1661 to the constable of Southertown, Walter Palmer. However, Clarke "upon extraordinary occasion was, by the Commissioners [of Southertown] and constable, set at liberty." Southertown was the name given by Connecticut to the area called Misquamicutt (later Westerly) by the Rhode Islanders who were settling there. Saunders and Burdick were taken to Boston, where from testimony they gave on 14 November 1661, it is learned that the Court of Rhode Island had allowed them to purchase lands of the Indians there, and Burdick had "built a small house there, upon the lott layed out to him." "Joseph Clark of Road Island, who was also apprehended in the company of the two former persons, being all three in company, was released by the Constable upon a very urgent occasion." Clarke was the only one identified as of "Road Island," which indicates that he was a resident of the island of Road Island (Newport or Portsmouth), and was not residing in Westerly.
Joseph Clarke's name appears as one of the "purchasers and free inhabitants of our island, called Rhode-Island, and the rest of the colonie of Providence Plantations" in the charter granted to Rhode Island by Charles II, King of Great Britain, on 8 July 1663, and by order of this charter he was appointed an assistant to the General Assembly at Newport on 1 March 1663/4. He served in this position again at meetings of the General Assembly held at Newport on 4 May 1664, in October 1664, on 23 February 1664/5, and 3 May 1665. He was not re-elected to that position at the last meeting.
During the years 1651-1663, Joseph Clarke's brother, John, a physician and Baptist minister, negotiated the Colonial charter for Rhode Island with the government of Charles II of England.
Joseph's name is on the Charter of Rhode Island signed by Charles II on 8 July 1663. He was an inhabitant of Westerly RI on 8 May 1669, when he sold 89 acres of land to Francis Brimly of Newport. It is signed by he and his wife Margaret.
He appears to have had a son, whose name is not known, who was killed in 1662 in unknown circumstances. At a General Court of Trials held at Newport on 8 March 1663/4.
Upon accation of some debate in this Court Concearning the Death of a young neger sarvant to Mr. benidict arnold now govenor in the yeare 1661 soe Called and alsoe Concearning the Death of a son of Mr Joseph Clarke now assistant in the yeare 1662 the Court declares themselves fully satisfied in the proceedings taken by the towne of newport and the officers therof to the Enquiers after the Death of the parsones aforesd and that the proceeding aforesayd weare fully availeable sufficiente and unquestonable as to the Clearing of all parsones from all maner of guilt Relating to the Death of the parsones aforesd.
He appears to have lived in Newport for the rest of his life. Some histories say he removed to Westerly, but a detailed study of the Rhode Island Colony Records shows that it was his son, Joseph, who was made a freeman of Westerly in 1668, and appears there in 1669, 1671, and 1679. Joseph Clarke was appointed on 13 or 14 May 1667, to a committee by the town of Newport to collect 155 pounds for the defense of that town and outfitting the prison. He took leave of grand jury duty in 1669: at a Court of Trials held at Newport, 10 May 1669, Mr. Joseph Clarke, who had been selected by the town of Newport to serve on the grand jury, had not appeared for his term, but considering "how much hee hath ben Imployed formerly and that in this Court his son Joseph was prevayled with to Saply the place of a grand Jury man. The Court doe Remitt the aforesd Mr Joseph Clarkes fine for not appearing." Mr. Joseph Clarke was a Deputy for Newport at meetings of the General Assembly held at Newport on 6 May 1668, 28 October 1668, 27 October 1669, 13 October 1670, 26 October 1670, 25 September 1671, 5 March 1671/2, and 2 April 1672.
He was very active in the efforts of Rhode Island to thwart the designs of Massachusetts and Connecticut to take the lands of the Narragansett region. On 20 Mar 1664/5, Joseph Clarke was among fourteen men chosen at Pettasquamscutt to exercise the powers of Justices of the Peace or Magistrates for the Naragansett Country, or the King's Province, by order of the King's Commissioners. On 2 May 1677, Mr. Joseph Clarke was elected and engaged as an Assistant at a General Assembly and Election held at Newport and was appointed to a Court of Justices of the Peace to be held in the Narragansett (or King's) Province on the 15th of May for the speedy and peaceful settling of the inhabitants of that region. He was an Assistant at the General Court of Trials held at Newport on 7 May 1677, and shortly thereafter took the acknowledgement of Thomas and Liddia Burge of Newport on a sale of land in Dartmouth, Plymouth Colony, to Thomas Ward of Newport on 27 June 1677, in the capacity of an Assistant. He was an Assistant at the General Court of Trials held at Newport on 24 October 1677, 6 May 1678, 23 October 1678, 17 May 1679, and 22 October 1679, and at General Assemblies held at Newport on 30 April 1678, 1 May 1678, 25 March 1679, 6 May 1679, 17 September 1679 (at Westerly), and 4 May 1680. On 9 July 1679, he was among four men, including the Governor and Deputy Governor, who supplied 18 pounds, 8 shillings in partial payment to Mr. Arnold of 60 pounds the later paid to Capt. Randall Howldon and Capt. John Greene of Warwick on behalf of the Colony. On 23 June 1681, these four petitioned the General Assembly for repayment of the moneys they paid, which was granted.
A "mr. Clarke" mentioned as holding 17 acres at Stony River in Newport on behalf of John Alcock, deceased, for the son of the latter in an inventory dated 8 August 1677, may have been Joseph Clarke, as he held land near Stony River (see above). In 1680, Joseph Clarke of Newport was taxed £1 13s 3d. Mr. Joseph Clarke, "my loving friend," was made an overseer of the estate of Rev. Obadiah Holmes in the will of the latter, dated 9 April 1681. On 25 September 1685, Joseph Clarke, of Newport, and his wife, Margaret, sold a 1/54th part of Conanicut Island, consisting of 89 acres, and a 1/54th part of Dutch Island (which lies to the west of Conanicut, or Jamestown) to Francis Brinley of Newport for £100. This is the last official record of Joseph Clarke. He may have been mentioned with other early church members in a letter from Rev. Samuel Hubbard to John Thornton of Providence, dated 19 December 1686.
Joseph Clarke left no will that has been found, but his death is recorded in the family Bible held by the descendants of his son, John.. In the will of Dr. John Clarke, dated 20 April 1676, Joseph Clarke is said to have had two wives, his son John being by the first. The will of Thomas Clarke, dated 28 July 1674, mentions Margaret, wife of his brother Joseph Clarke. An addendum to the will of Thomas Clarke names the children of Joseph Clarke that were alive on 19 December 1674: Joseph Clarke, John Clarke, William Clarke, Susannah (surname struck-out), Mary (surname struck-out), Joshua Clarke, Sarah Clarke, Thomas Clarke, Kary (Carew) Clarke, and Elizabeth Clarke. Joseph Clarke may have had more children who died young, before 1674, or were born after 1674, although the latter is unlikely.
He died on 1 JUN 1694 in (Newport, Newport, Rhode Island-S2,S6)(Westerly, Washington County, Rhode Island-S1, S4).
Possibly (miss) SAUNDERS.
CHILDREN of Joseph CLARKE and WIFE (1):
- Joseph CLARKE. Born on (11 Feb 1641-1642-S1, S2,S6)(2 April 1643-S4) in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island. He married Bethia HUBBARD on 16 Nov 1664 in Westerly, Washington Co, Rhode Island. He died on 11 JAN (1725-1726-S1)(1726-1727) in Westerly, Washington Co, Rhode Island.
- John CLARKE. Born (about 1645)(in 1645-S1) in (Newport, Newport)(Westerly, Washington County-S1), Rhode Island. He married Rebecca. He died on 11 Apr 1704in Newport, Newport County, Rhode Island.
- William CLARKE. Born (about 1647)(30 SEP 1643-S1) in (Newport, Newport)(Westerly, Washington County-S1), Rhode Island. He married Hannah WEEDEN. He died 30 SEP 1683 in Jamestown, Newport County, Rhode Island.
- Susannah (Susanna-S1) CLARKE. Born (about 1650)(in 1653-S1) in (Newport, Newport)(Westerly, Washington County-S1), Rhode Island. She may have married before 19 December 1674, as her maiden name is crossed out in the list of Joseph Clarke's children attached to the will of Thomas Clarke. She died after 1674.
- Mary CLARKE. Born (about 1652)(in 1645) in (Newport, Newport)(Westerly, Washington County-S1), Rhode Island. She married William PECKHAM. She died (about 1695)(in 1695-S1) in Jamestown, Newport County, Rhode Island.
[F2215]. Margaret (TURNER?).
Born about 1621 in Westerly, Washington County, Rhode Island. She married Joseph CLARKE (about 1656)(on 16 NOV 1664-S1) in Newport, Newport County, Rhode Island. Margaret Clarke, wife of Joseph Clarke, was mentioned in the will of her brother-in-law, Thomas Clarke, dated 28 July 1674, and Joseph Clarke is said to have had two wives in the will of his other brother, John Clarke, dated 20 April 1676. Therefore, Margaret must have been his second wife. On 25 September 1685, Joseph Clarke, of Newport, and his wife, Margaret, sold a 1/54th part of Conanicut Island, consisting of 89 acres, and a 1/54th part of Dutch Island to Francis Brinley of Newport for £100. Several secondary sources list her as Margaret Turner, but there is no known evidence to support this contention. She died in 1694 in (Newport, Newport County)(Westerly Washington County-S1), Rhode Island.
CHILDREN of Joseph CLARKE and Margaret (TURNER?):
- (son) CLARKE. Born about 1657 in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island. Died in 1662 in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island.
- Joshua CLARKE. Born (about 1660)(in 1660-S1)(in 1649-S1) in (Newport, Newport)(Westerly, Washington County-S1), Rhode Island. He married Alice PHILLIPS. He died (in 1702-S1)(after 1702-S1) in Newport, Newport, Rhode Island.
- Thomas CLARKE. Born (about 1666)(on 17 MAR 1655-1656-S1) in (Newport, Newport)(Westerly, Washington County-S1), Rhode Island. He married Elizabeth. He died (after 1702)(IN 1705-s1) in Rhode Island.
- Sarah CLARKE. Born on 29 January (1662-1663-S1)(1663-1664) in (Westerly, Washington County-S1)(Newport, Newport County-S6), Rhode Island. She married Thomas REYNOLDS on 11 October 1683 in Westerly (Kings Town), Washington County, Rhode Island. She died in 1695.
- Carew CLARKE. Born (about 1665-S1)(about 1668-S1) in (Newport, Newport)(Westerly, Washington County-S1), Rhode Island. He married Anne DYER on 14 FEB 1694 in Newport, Newport, RI. He died on 5 JUN 1759 in Newport, Newport County, Rhode Island.
- Elizabeth CLARKE. Born (in 1667-S1)(about 1670) in (Newport, Newport)(Westerly, Washington County-S1), Rhode Island.
- [S1]. Ancestors of William CAHOON. Research of Terri Hamblin. Correspondence of 9 OCT 2005.
- [S2]. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~leebrick/d47.htm
- [S3]. Colonial Families of the United States of America, by George Norbury Mackenzie, LL.B. Volume VII Pages 151-156.
- [S4]. Rick Crume, RR2 Box 169, Glyndon, Minnesota 56547-9651 (218)-498-2901
- [S5]. Murray Combs, 1025 Sharon Drive, Gen Burnie, MD 21061-4138.
- [S6]. Jeffrey D. Bonevich Research. http://www.bonevich.com/clarke/clarkegen4.php
SOURCES TO BE CHECKED:
- J. O. Austin, "The Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island." New York, 1887 , pp. 47, 107, 173, 188.
- J. R. Bartlett, "Records of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, in New England." Providence, 1856-1862 (Reprinted New York, 1968), vol. 1, pp. 67, 90-91, 95, 100, 111, 209, 301, 316, 354, 364, 366, 386, 408, 419, 421, 433, 455-456, 511; vol. 2, pp. 3, 6, 8, 13, 28, 37-40, 61, 90, 93-94, 96, 197, 222, 236, 287, 350, 354, 411, 431, 434, 565, 592; vol. 3, pp. 3, 5, 28, 30, 48, 68, 83, 85, 101-102.
- L. P. Bates, "Saunders-Peckham," NEHGR, Vol. 63 (1909), p. 198.
- H. M. Chapin, "Documentary History of Rhode Island." Providence, 1919, vol. 2, pp. 79-80, 92-93, 94-95, 117, 119-120, 132.
- E. P. Clark, "Family of Dr. John Clarke," Genealogies of Rhode Island Families From Rhode Island Periodicals, Vol. I. Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, 1983, pp. 197-200.
- E. S. Gaustad, "Baptist Piety: The Last Will & Testimony of Obadiah Holmes." Christian University Press, 1978, will reproduced at http://www.genweb.net/~samcasey/obadiah.html.
- G. A. Moriarty, "Clarke-Cooke (alias Carewe)-Kerrich," NEHGR, Vol. 75 (1921), pp. 273-301.
- G. A. Morrison, "The 'Clarke' Families of Rhode Island." Evening Post Printing House, New York, 1902, pp. 23-24.
- "Records of the Island of Rhode Island, 1638-1644." Rhode Island Archives, Providence (original mss., and FHL Film #0954960), pp. 65-66.
- "Rhode Island Colonial Records, Proceedings of the General Assembly." FHL Film #0947963, vol. 1, part 1, pp. 17, 30.
- "Rhode Island Court Records: Records of the Court of Trials of the Colony of Providence Plantations." Rhode Island Historical Society, Providence, 1920, vol. 1 (1647-1662), pp. 27, 39, 46, 55, 59; vol. 2 (1662-1670), pp. 23, 28-31, 75-79.
- "Rhode Island Land Evidences, 1648-1696." Rhode Island Historical Society, Providence, pp. 54-56, 56-57, 123.
- J. J. Smith, "Civil and Military List of Rhode Island, 1647-1800." Providence, 1900, pp. 1, 4, 9.
- "Town of Jamestown, Land Evidence, Vol. 1 (1680-1739)." Typed transcript, FHL Film #0946901, pp. 6-10, 56-57 (69-70 in original records).
HOW ARE WE RELATED:
Joseph Clarke and Margaret (Turner?)
Sarah Clarke and Thomas Reynolds
Mary Reynolds and Ebenezer Cahoon
William Cahoone and Elizabeth Vaughan
William Cahoon and Mary Smith
Mary Cahoon and David Elliott
Peter Mack Elliott and Charlotte Alvord
Harriett Louisa Elliott and James Newberry Morris
Eli Ray Morris and Tina Matilda Kunzler
LeGrand Elliott Morris and Dorothea Berta Ernestine Kersten
Rodney Allen Morris and Deborah Lee Handy