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William Colquhoun (Cahoon) and Deliverance Peck
William COLQUHOUN (CAHOON, COHOON, CAHOONE). [Familytree].
William appears to the the transition generation between the name spelling of Colquhoun to the colony change to Cahoon.
Born (about 1633-S6)(in 1635) in (Tullichewan, Dunbartonshire, Scotland)(born perhaps in London, England); son of John Colquhoun and Katherine Graham (miss Montrose) .
William Colquhoun officially enters the historical record in 1650. In 1650 the English Parliamentarian Forces under the command of Oliver Cromwell invaded Scotland citing the Scot's support for the monarchists, most especially Charles II, King of Scotland. General David Leslie, charged with meeting Cromwell, decided to avoid direct contact as his forces were well armed but poorly trained. They stayed mainly behind strong fortifications in and around around Edinburgh, refusing to be drawn out. Finally on September 2nd, thinking the English were retreating, Leslie brought his troops out, only to be outflanked and beaten in what would be called the Battle of Dunbar. William Colquhoun, 17, was a member of Leslie's defeated Army. (S6).
The Scottish prisoners, including William, were force-marched south into England in order to prevent any rescue attempt, but the conditions were so harsh that 2,000 out of the 5,000 captured died before reaching Durham Cathedral, where they were imprisoned. Another 1500 died in captivity. The remaining 1400 were transported and sold as slave labor to English colonies in the New World. Scotland was annexed as a permanent part of the United Kingdom. (S6).
William Colquhoun was sold as an indentured servant to Bex and Company and brought to the colonies aboard the English ship 'Unity' which left Liverpool on November 11th 1650 and arrived in the port of Boston. William first 'exploited' bog iron in Saugus, Braintree and Taunton, Massachusetts. (S6).
William settled first at Taunton, Bristol County, Massachusetts. He learned the brick making trade from James Leonard.
After several years he assisted in the construction of a shallop - a small 2-masted ship that can be propelled by sails or oars. (S6).
In 1660, with sixteen others, he purchased Block Island, Rhode Island.
Newport was not founded until 1639 by people exiled or alienated by the Puritans and their rigid standards of correctness. Block Island had no permanent population until around 1660, when 'Free Thinkers' populated it. Not Free Thinkers in the modern sence of being someone who questions the existance of God - Free Thinkers of this time period questioned the strict rules and harsh punishments practiced by the Puritans. (S6).
In April 1661, William was one of the first 16 men to settle Block Island, probably assigned to work his master's land. Ironically enough, the 'free-thinkers' set on moving to the island, chaffed at the strict rules and conduct of the Puritans that dominated Massachusetts at this time, but had no qualms about owning slaves. At Settler's Rock, a plaque commemorating the original settlers was mounted onto stone some 250-years later. It reads:
This stone was placed here September 2nd, A.D. 1911 by the citizens of New Shoreham to commemorate the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the purchase and settlement of Block Island by the following named persons who landed at this point: Thomas Terry, Richard Billingum, John Clarke, Samuel Dearing, William Jud, Nathaniel Winslow, Samuel Dearing, Thormut Rose, Simon Ray, Edward Worce, William Tosh, John Rathbun, Thomas Faxson, William Barker, Richard Allis, Daniel Cumball, Philip Warton, William Cohoone, John Glover, Duncan Mack, James Sands, Edward Worce, Hugh Williams, Trustrum Dodge, Sen John Alcock, Nicholas White, Peter George, William Billings, Simon Ray, John Ackurs. (S6).
William Colquhoun probably gained his freedom shortly after arriving on Block Island when King Charles, who had been restored to the throne, decreed that all captured royalists be discharged from their servitude. (S6).
On January 13th, 1662, William purchased 40 acres of land on Block Island from Thomas Terry. (S6).
He married Deliverance PECK on 26 June 1662 at Block Island, Newport, Rhode Island. (S6).
Joseph Peck, the rich and influential Puritan leader, could not have been pleased. In addition to the obvious differences between the Puritans and the Baptists, many conservative New Englanders viewed Scots as being no better than Indians or Negros (as did most Englishmen). When Joseph Peck dies the following year, his daughter Deliverance is not mentioned in his rather lengthy will. (S6).
On May 4th 1664, William Cahoon was listed as a Freeman living at New Shoreham, Block Island. There is some debate as to how much longer William Colquhoun remained on Block Island. He is reported to have served on a Newport Grand Jury in 1665, but did not sell his acreage on Block Island until November 13th, 1670 to a Samuel Hagbourne. (S6).
The transfer document between Samuel Hagbourne and William Colquhoun provides a clue as to William's past. At the time, about 60% of English landowners could not read or write and signed documents with an 'X'. A hired "recorder" would then place his or her notation next to the 'X', almost the same way a public notary works today. A person who could read and write for himself would not have a notation next to his signature. There is no notation next to William's signature on this transfer document, indicating that William could read and write - and he was the only (former) Scottish prisoner on Block Island capable of doing so. If William had been raised in a peasant or working class family, he would most likely be as illiterate as his colleagues. (S6).
Deliverance and William have nine children over the course of the next thirteen years. Her husband's industrious nature makes them at least modestly prosperous during this time, first on Block Island and then in Swansea, Massachusetts where William becomes the town's brickmaker. (S6).
On February 7th, 1670, William was listed as a Freeman and permanent resident of Swansea, Massachusetts, but not on any previous list. And on December 24th 1673, William signs an agreement with the township of Swansea to sell bricks at the price of 2 shillings per 1000 in return for 35 acres of land. (S6).
It was around this time that William permanently changed the spelling of his last name to Cahoon, not only because the new spelling was phonetically correct to the English ear, but because Colquhoun was too long to be stamped onto the bricks he was making. (S6).
He died on 22 June 1675 at E. Rehoboth, Bristol, Rhode Island; and was buried on 24 Jun 1675 at Swansea, Bristol, Massachusetts. In "Hubbard's Narrative of Indian Wars" we find this record:
On the 24th of June, 1675, the alarm was sounded in Plymouth Colony, when eight or nine of the English were slain in and about Swansea, they being the first to fall in King Philip's War.
William Cahoon was one of these nine.
The lands of the Wampanog tribe stretched throughout much of what is now Rhode Island, Connecticut and eastern Massachusetts, and while there were disputes, the Indians and English co-existed peacefully. Over time, the Indians became increasingly dependant on English firearms to protect them against other tribes. Their chief, whose name was Metacomet but was called King Philip by the English, was frequently summoned to answer charges of Indian misconduct and the colonists often responded by confiscating the weapons they had sold the natives (at highly inflated prices) regardless of who was responsible. Metacomet regarded these acts as theft and began plotting a rebellion to drive the colonists from the land. (S6).
The Wampanog gathered near Swansea on June 22nd, 1675, harassing settlers, shooting cattle and plundering horses until one colonist became so enraged he shot and wounded an Indian in an exchange of fire, temporarily driving them off. The Wampanog returned, killing 8 or 9 colonists and seriously wounding several others. Many of the villagers, including William and his family, took refuge in the home of the Rev. John Myles, because it had stone walls. When it became apparent that several of the wounded would die without a physician, William Cahoon volunteered to make the dangerous trek to Rehobeth and bring back a doctor. William's mutilated remains were found the next day near what is now Lake and Wheeler Streets in East Rehobeth. (S6).
In Boston, a militia of 100 men was raised to quell the rebellion, but they did not arrive before the Wampanog had burned most of Swansea to the ground. More towns were attacked and the militia charged with defeating them grew to more than a thousand. King Philip's Rebellion lasted for months (years in the Maine frontier) and while only 800 colonists and 3,000 Indians were killed, proportionate to their respective populations this was one of the bloodiest and costliest wars ever fought in North America. (S6).
Deliverance PECK. [Familytree].
Born (in 1637)(in 1639-S6) at (Block Island, Newport, Rhode Island)(Hingham, Plymouth County, Massachusetts-S6); daughter of Joseph Peck and Deliverance Bosworth..
She married (1) William Colquhoun on 26 June 1662 at Block Island, Newport, Rhode Island. (S6).
Deliverance survives the Indian attack on 22 June 1675 at Swansea. While some records suggest that Deliverance takes the children and returns to Block Island for a time, others state that the survivors of Swansea were evacuated to Cape Cod - and it is in Cape Cod that Deliverance meets her next husband. (S6).
Deliverance married (2) Caleb Lumbert in 1681 in Barnstable, Massachusetts; where he owned lands inherited from his father. That same year, Caleb is legally appointed guardian of Deliverance's son Joseph Cahoon. (S6).
Deliverance and Caleb move to Monomoit, where he also serves as constable and selectman. (S6).
Caleb died about 1691. (S6).
Deliverance died on (9 December 1727-S6) at Newport, Rhode Island.
Children of William CAHOON and Deliverance PECK:
- Samuel CAHOON. Born in 1663 at Block Island, Newport, Rhode Island. He married Mary Hunter in 1698 at Block Island, Rhode Island. They left New England for Virginia shortly thereafter and settled in a place that would later bear the family name, Cahoons Creek. Cahoons Creek today lies within the city limits of Suffolk, Virginia. Samuel died in 1704 at Cahoons Creek, Nansemond County, Virginia. (S6).
- Mary CAHOON. Born in 1664 at Block Island, Newport, Rhode Island. She married Thomas Jones. She died in 1678.
- Joseph CAHOON. [Familytree]. Born in 1665 at Block Island, Rhode Island. He married (1) Hannah Kent. He married (2) Elizabeth Scranton. He died (about 1700)(in 1722-S6).
- Archibald COHOON. Born about 1665 at Block Island, , Massachussetts.
- Angus COHOON. Born about 1667 at Block Island, , Massachussetts.
- William COHOON. Born (about 1660)(about 1669-S6) at Block Island, Newport, Rhode Island. He drowned on 30 Apr 1702 at Chatham, Barnstable County, Massachusetts.
- James CAHOON. Born on 15 February 1671 (1672-S6)(1673) at (Block Island, Newport, Rhode Island)(Swansea, Massachusetts). He married Mary Cleghorn Davis (or Martha Challoner) in 1695. He died in 1747 in Delaware.
- John COHOON. Born (9 March)(3 September) 1673 at (Block Island, Newport, Rhode Island)(Swansea, Massachusetts). He died (in 1715-S6)(on 25 Dec 1781) at Bladen.
- Nathaniel COHOON. Born (in 1674-S6)(on 2 February 1675) at Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts. He died in 1731 at Colchester, Connecticut.
- [S1]. LDS Family Search. Familysearch.org. http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/search/frameset_search.asp?PAGE=ancestorsearchresults.asp
- [S2]. Cahoon Family Genealogy Forum. Genealogy.com. http://genforum.genealogy.com/cahoon.
- [S3]. William Cahoon site at http://personal.tmlp.com/richard/cahoon.html?
- [S4]. Avon, Ohio History. Genealogy of the Cahoon family by Jean Fischer. http://www.centuryinter.net/tjs11/gen/cahoon.htm.
- [S5]. Email Correspondence with Monica Calhoun. October 2013.
- [S6]. Deliverance Swanson Peck, 1639 - 1727. Stephen Okeson. The Descendants of Robert Peck. http://www.stephenokeson.com/genealogy/Peck_166.html.
HOW ARE WE RELATED:
William Colquhoun (changed to Cahoon) (1635-1675) md Deliverance Peck
Joseph Cahoon (1665-c 1710) md Elizabeth Scranton
Ebenezer Cahoon (1706-?) md Mary Reynolds (step sister of Reynolds Cahoon)
William Cahoone (1733-1813) md Elizabeth Vaughan
William Cahoon (1765-1828) md Mary Smith
Mary Cahoon (1810-?) md David Elliott
Peter Mack Elliott (1833-1885) md Charlotte Alvord
Harriett Louisa Elliott (1860-1902) md James Newberry Morris
Eli Ray Morris (1892-1980) md Tina Matilda Kunzler
LeGrand Elliott Morris (1916-2005) md Dorothea Berta Ernestine Kersten
Rodney Allen Morris and Deborah Lee Handy