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CONSTANTINE I, King of Scotland
CONSTANTINE I, King of Scotland. King of the Picts. (Causantín mac Cináeda). (Constantine I-S1,S2)(Constantine II-S2,S3).
Born about 836 in Scotland; son of Kenneth I, (Kenneth MacAlpin), King of Scotland.
Acceded in (863-S2,S3)(864-S1). Succeeded his uncle Donald I.
Constantine was a warrior king. During his reign he spent most of his days fighting off the Vikings or trying to expand his kingdom into the south. In 872 his assassination of 'Run' (Arthgal), King of Strathclyde, and his brother-in-law, meant that the southern regions of what is now Scotland, became apart of his own Alba.
864 saw the rampage of the Norsemen led by Olaf the White from Dublin. Swiftly defeated by Constantine, the Norsemen relaxed their threats on him until Thorsten the Red led them, but he too was defeated successfully by King Constantine.
Although usually confident in battle, Constantine often resorted to tactics of bribery and payoffs to his rivals in order to keep the peace. This form of peace keeping was later employed by the English Royals, namely King Ethelred the Unready in the year 1000. In the end though, Constantine was finally defeated by the Norsemen, when a raiding party known as the 'Black Strangers' from Dublin made a base for themselves in Fife from which they launched their attacks. It was during one of these attacks that Constantine met his match.
He was killed in battle against the Vikings in 877 at the "Black Cave" (Inverdovat) in Forgan, Fife. He was about age 41. His successor was his brother Aed. He had a son, Donald who became King Donald II of Scotland following the joint reign of Kings Eochaid and Giric.
CHILDREN of Constantine I, King of Scotland:
- DONALD II, King of Scotland.
- [S1]. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~humefamily/1398.htm.
- [S2]. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. http://en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantine_I_of_Scotland.
- [S3]. Early Kings of Scotland. http://www.netmedia.co.uk/history/week-13/index.html.
- [S4]. Famous Scots. http://www.tartans.com/articles/famscots/macalpink.html
HOW ARE WE RELATED
Constantine I, King of Scotland
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Ela Longspee md James de Audley.
Hugh de Audley md Isolde de Mortimer.
Hugh de Audley md Margaret de Clare.
Margaret de Audley. md Ralph de Stafford.
Hugh Stafford. md Philippa de Beauchamp.
Edmund Stafford. md Anne of Gloucester.
Humphrey Stafford. md Anne Neville.
Margaret Stafford md Robert Dunham.
John Dunham md Elizabeth Bowett.
John Dunham II md Jean Thorland.
John Dunham III md Benedict Folgamsee.
Ralph Dunham. He married Elizabeth Wentworth.
Thomas Dunham. He married Jane Bromley.
John Dunham Sr.. He married Susanna Kenney/Keno.
John Dunham Jr.. He married Mary.
Mary Dunham. She married James Hamblin.
Elkenah Hamblin. He married Abigail Hamblin.
Sylvanus Hamblin. He married Dorcas Fish.
Barnabus Hamblin. He married Mary Bassett.
Isaiah Hamblin. He married Daphne Haynes.
Jacob Vernon Hamblin md Sarah Priscilla Leavitt.
Ella Ann Hamblin md Warren Moroni Tenney.
Clive Vernon Tenney md Minnie Williams
Mildred Ella Tenney = Glenn Russell Handy
Deborah Lee Handy and Rodney Allen Morris