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CRINAN The Thane and Bethoc
CRINAN. (Crinin)(Crínán of Dunkeld)(Grimus)(The Thane)(Mormaer of Atholl). Lay Abbot of Dunkeld and Mormaer of Atholl. [Ancestors through Fergus Mor mac Erca].
Crinan was born about 976-978 AD at Atholl, Perth, Scotland. Some publications (S5a,S6a) claims that his father was named Duncan. However (S6) says: The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. It is also said: He appears to be of Viking ancestry. (S6). And also: His hereditary abbacy of Dunkeld makes it likely that he was of the blood of St. Columba. (S6b).
Crínán of Dunkeld was the lay abbot of the diocese of Dunkeld, and perhaps the Mormaer of Atholl. The title of Mormaer designates a regional or provincial ruler in the medieval Kingdom of the Scots. In theory, although not always in practice, a Mormaer was second only to the King of Scots, and the senior of a toisech. For the earliest periods, there is uncertainty about the exact difference between a mormaer and a toisech (Modern Scottish Gaelic tòiseach 'chief'). The earliest Scottish Latin sources use thanus (thane) for toisech.
Crínán was progenitor of the House of Dunkeld, the dynasty which would rule Scotland until the later 13th century.
Crinán was married to Bethoc, daughter of King Malcolm II of Scotland (reigned 1005–1034). As Malcolm II had no son, the strongest hereditary claim to the Scottish throne descended through Bethóc, and Crinán's eldest son Donnchad I (reigned 1034–1040), became King of Scots. Some sources indicate that Malcolm II designated Duncan as his successor under the rules of tanistry, a Gaelic system for passing on titles and lands, because there were other possible claimants to the throne.
Crinán's second son, Maldred of Allerdale, held the title of Lord of Cumbria. It is said that from him, the Earls of Dunbar, for example Patrick Dunbar, 9th Earl of Dunbar, descend in unbroken male line.
Sir Iain Moncreiffe argued he belonged to a Scottish sept of the Irish Cenél Conaill royal dynasty.
Crinán as Lay Abbot of Dunkeld: The monastery of Saint Columba was founded on the north bank of the River Tay in the 6th century or early 7th century following the expedition of Columba into the land of the Picts. Probably originally constructed as a simple group of wattle huts, the monastery - or at least its church - was rebuilt in the 9th century by Kenneth I of Scotland (reigned 843–858). Caustantín of the Picts brought Scotland's share of the relics of Columba from Iona to Dunkeld at the same time others were taken to Kells in Ireland, to protect them from Viking raids. Dunkeld became the prime bishopric in eastern Scotland until supplanted in importance by St Andrews since the 10th century.
While the title of Hereditary Lay Abbot was a feudal position that was often exercised in name only, Crinán does seem to have acted as Abbot in charge of the monastery in his time. He was thus a man of high position in both clerical and secular society.
The magnificent semi-ruined Dunkeld Cathedral, built in stages between 1260 and 1501, stands today on the grounds once occupied by the monastery. The Cathedral contains the only surviving remains of the previous monastic society: a course of red stone visible in the east choir wall that may be re-used from an earlier building, and two stone 9th century-10th century cross-slabs in the Cathedral Museum.
Crinán was killed in battle in 1045 at Dunkeld, Tayside, Scotland. (S4,S5). The Annals of Ulster record that "Crónán abbot of Dún Caillen" was killed in 1045 in "a battle between the Scots themselves." (S6). Other sources say he was killed by Vikings. (S5,S6).
BETHOC. (BEATRIX). Heiress of Scone.
Born in 978; eldest daughter of MALCOLM II, King of Scotland.
She married CRINAN about 1008.
She died in 1045.
CHILDREN of CRINAN and BETHOC:
- DUNCAN I, The Gracious. Born about 1001 at Elgin, Moray, Scotland. He married Aelflaed/Sybil in 1030. Duncan reigned from 1034-1040. He was murdered by Macbeth, the person made famous by Shakespeare. He died on 14 August 1040 at Bothganowan, Elgin, Moray, Scotland; and was buried at Iona.
- Maldred of Dunbar. Lord of Allendale. He held the title of Lord of Cumbria. Born in 1015. He married Aeldgyth of Northumberland. It is said that from him, the Earls of Dunbar, for example Patrick Dunbar, 9th Earl of Dunbar, descend in unbroken male line. It is said that from him, the Earls of Dunbar, for example Patrick Dunbar, 9th Earl of Dunbar, descend in unbroken male line.
- Possibly a daughter, who married FLAAD, Seneschal of Dol .
- [S1]. The official website of Alynia H. Rule. http://www.ancuairt.org/genealogy/matilda.htm and http://www.ancuairt.org/genealogy/aeddmawr.htm#60 and http://www.ancuairt.org/genealogy/julius.htm
- [S2]. Early Kings of Scotland. http://www.netmedia.co.uk/history/week-13/index.html
- [S3]. Kings of Scotland. Ancestrees. http://www.ancestrees.com/pedigree/4347.htm. QUOTES as sources:
- Weebers, Hans A.M, Email dated 2001 at Weebers@t-online.de.
- Albert F. Schmuhl The Royal Lines.
- J.K. Hinman to L. Dudick Email letters dated Dec, 1998 that sources United Ancestries CD 100 at JKHinman@aol.com (F-599).
- Tompsett, Brian, Royal and Noble Genealogical Data on the Web at http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/GEDCOM.html.
- Encarta Electronic Encyclopedia.
- Natalelli-Waloszek, Annie, Email dated 2000+ at Xanadu2@Wanadoo.fr.
- Fleming, Georgia Virginia, "Our Heritage" at http://www.flemingmultimedia.com/Genealogy.
- [S4]. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. QUOTES as sources: a) Sir Iain Moncreiffe of that Ilk, The Highland Clans. Part II. 1982. p. 236.
- [S5]. Duncan of Scotland Lord of Mormaer. Cyberancestors. http://www.cyberancestors.com/cummins/ps75/ps75_239.htm. QUOTES as sources: a) Darryl Lundy, “thePeerage,” www.thepeerage.com.
- [S6]. Crínán mac Donnchad, Mormaer of Atholl. Geni. http://www.geni.com/people/Cr%C3%ADn%C3%A1n-of-Dunkeld/6000000002236747331. QUOTES as sources: a) The Plantagenet Ancestry," W.H.Turton (Balt.: Gen.Pub.Co., 1968. b) Sir Anthony R. Wagner, Garter King of Arms ("English Ancestry," Oxford Un. Press, 1961, p.16.
HOW ARE WE RELATED
Crinan the Thane and Bethoc (Beatrix)
Duncan I, The Gracious
Malcolm III, Caenmore, married Margarethe
Edith. She married HENRY I, King of England.
Matilda. (Maud) md (1) Henry V of Germany.
HENRY II, King of England, md Ida.
William I Longspee md Ela Fitzpatrick.
William II Longspee md Idonie de Camville.
Ela Longspee md James de Audley.
Hugh de Audley md Isolde de Mortimer.
Hugh de Audley md Margaret de Clare.
Margaret de Audley. md Ralph de Stafford.
Hugh Stafford. md Philippa de Beauchamp.
Edmund Stafford. md Anne of Gloucester.
Humphrey Stafford. md Anne Neville.
Margaret Stafford md Robert Dunham.
John Dunham md Elizabeth Bowett.
John Dunham II md Jean Thorland.
John Dunham III md Benedict Folgamsee.
Ralph Dunham. He married Elizabeth Wentworth.
Thomas Dunham. He married Jane Bromley.
John Dunham Sr.. He married Susanna Kenney/Keno.
John Dunham Jr.. He married Mary.
Mary Dunham. She married James Hamblin.
Elkenah Hamblin. He married Abigail Hamblin.
Sylvanus Hamblin. He married Dorcas Fish.
Barnabus Hamblin. He married Mary Bassett.
Isaiah Hamblin. He married Daphne Haynes.
Jacob Vernon Hamblin and Sarah Priscilla Leavitt.
Ella Ann Hamblin and Warren Moroni Tenney.
Clive Vernon Tenney and Minnie Williams
Mildred Ella Tenney and Glenn Russell Handy
Deborah Lee Handy and Rodney Allen Morris