Richard CUTT

[F3798]. Richard CUTT.
Born in 1615 (1627-S3) in Bath (of Bristol-S4), Somersetshire, England; son of son of John CUTTS [F7596] and Bridget BAKER. Richard was christened on 23 June 1615 in Bath, Somersetshire, England. {S6}.

He was said to be of Wales (S?), but so far, I do not see a connection to Wales.

Richard CUTT, Member of Parliamant in 1654, is also said to be the father of the Cutt brothers who emigrated to America, but this is incorrect. Joseph Wipple’s paper does say that the father of the emigrant Cutt brothers was a member of parliament when he died. This has not been disproved but certainly he was not Richard Cutt, member for Essex in 1654. {S4,S5}.

Early historians record that in 1623, under the authority of an English land-grant, Captain John Mason, in conjunction with several others, sent David Thomson, a Scotsman, and Edward and Thomas Hilton, fish-merchants of London, with a number of other people in two divisions to establish a fishing colony in what is now New Hampshire, at the mouth of the Piscataqua River. Captain Walter Neal and his small following of Englishmen, sailing up the Piscataqua River in 1630, were impressed by the thick growth of wild berries along the west bank, some two miles from the river's mouth. They chose this site for settlement and named it Strawbery Banke. Here, just above a small cove, they erected a large communal structure, called a Great House, to serve as a combination storehouse, trading post and living quarters. The site was destined to become, in another century, the important colonial commercial center of Portsmouth. {S4}. Richard emigrated to America with his brothers, John and Robert, about 1640. After emmigrating to America he and his brothers dropped the "s" in their name, and changed the spelling to CUTT.

Richard settled first on the Isles of Shoals and became a fisherman, but afterward moved to Portsmouth. John settled with the group at Strawberry Banke. Robert went first to Barbadoes, but soon relocated to the New Hampshire Colony.

These brothers, and the colonists with them, were thought to be more interested in making their fortunes than gaining religious freedom, unlike those who settled in the Puritan colonies, the Puritans being dissenters from the doctrines and authority of the Church of England. John, Richard and Robert left England during the Civil War and may have dropped the s from their name to avoid reprisals in the new world had the Royal Party won. They thought this precaution necessary since their father, John Cutts, was an adherent of Oliver Cromwell. {S6}.

They brought capital from England with them and became leading merchants and ultimately the wealthiest men in the New Hampshire Colony. {S6}.

When Richard moved from the Isle-of-Shoals to Portsmouth, he lived in the Great House at the bottom of Pitt-Street. {S6}.

The growing colony of Massachusetts Bay extended its jurisdiction over New Hampshire in 1641. The bankruptcy of the Laconia Company in 1638 had left the settlement without any legal authority, and due to the ensuing insecurity, most residents welcomed the stability that Massachusetts Bay gave them.

Richard married (1) Elizabeth ALDERSLEY, probably before 1646. (S6). This marriage likely took place in Portsmouth. Elizabeth must have died soon.

"In Boston 7 Aug 1646 [Capt.] Sampson Lane, who had arrived with wine, gave his general P. A. [Power of Attourney?] to Richard [Cutt]. Capt. Lane had acquired a claim on Wannerton's Great House rights at Strawberry Banke, where all four Cutt brothers appear in 1648." {S6}.

He married (2) Eleanor (LEADER?) [F3799] about 1647-1649 in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. He died in 1676.

He sold a house and an acre of land to Daniel Paul in 1649, that that had been owned and occupied by Stephen Sanborn, afterward of Hampton. It adjoined the land of Paul. The deed mentions John Symonds on the north. {S8}.

In 1653 Strawbery Banke petitioned the Massachusetts General Court for permission to change its name to Portsmouth, since "We are at the river's mouth and our port is as good as any in the land." The request was granted.

In 1659 Daniel Paul and Elizabeth (Eleanor?), his wife, mortgaged to Richard Cutt, 66 acres "above ye boiling rock between Gabriel Tetherly on the south and Joseph Alcock on the north." {S8}.

The following last Will of Richard Cutt, made on 10 MAY 1675, the year before his death. {S6}.


"I, Richard Cutt, of Portsmouth, in Piscataqua, being in perfect memory and good health, yet considering that man's life is short and his end oftentimes sudden, and not knowing how the Lord may deal with me, I thought meet, as becomes a Christian man, to set my house in order before my death, and do therefore make and appoint this my last will and testament, thereby revoking all wills by [me] formally made.

Imp.--I commit my soul into the hands of God that gave it through Christ Jesus, who I hope hath redeemed it, and believe that he is able to keep what I have committed to him untill that day. I allso committ my body to a decent buriall in the earth, in hope of a joyful resurrection. My worldly estate I dispose of as followeth:

First.--I give and bequeath unto my beloved wife, Elenor Cutt, my now dwelling house, with the bake house, brew house, barn, and all houseing thereunto belonging; with the log ware house and wharfing, my stone ware house only excepted; together with my garden, orchard, and all the land in fence in the home field, adjoining to my house; as allso my corn mill, with my house and barn up at the creek, with all the upland and meadow thereunto belonging, so far as home, unto the land which I bought of Hughbertus Mattone, excepting the tanyard and building thereunto belonging and the land on that side of the floom. All which premises before mentioned, except what is excepted, I will shall be in the hands and to the use and behoof of my dearly beloved wife, aforesaid, during her natural life. And, after her death, I give and bequeath my whole estate, aforesaid, unto my grandson, Cutt Vaughan, with all the privileges and appurtanances thereunto belonging, to be to him and his heirs forever; and it shall come into his hands att the age of twenty-one years. But if he die before that age, then I give it to the next heir, male; and if there be no heirs, male, then to the next heir that shall survive. Furthermore, I give unto my said wife, all my plate, brass, pewter, iron, beding utensils belonging to the house, together with all my stock of cattle, to be absolutely at her disposal, when and to whome and where she pleases--and the five Negro servants.

2d. I give to my daughter Margaret Vaughan, my stone ware house, and that part of the woodfield joining unto that which was John Pickrins, and reaching home to Wm. Hart's on the west, with my brother, Jno. Cutt, on the west, the way that goes to the Creek on the north, and Christopher Jose on the east, together with the tanyard, houseing and the stock therein, and the little field on the south of the floom; always excepting and reserving the highway as it is now to the farm and to the other mill, which is to be kept free for the use of the mill and the house by it. All which I give to my daughter Margaret and her children. If they fail, then to my daughter Bridget and heirs after the decease of my said daughter Margaret.

3d. Unto my beloved daughter Bridget and her heirs for ever, I give the remainder of the field commonly called the grate field, to say all besides what is already given to her and her husband, and already sould to several persons, to be to her and her heirs for ever, with all the privileges and appurtenances thereunto belonging. I give allso unto my daughter Bridget, that part of the wood field on the south of the highway up to the Creek, as it is now fenced. The other part, between the highway and the Creek, her mother shall have the liberty to use during her natural life, and that part allso shall be Bridget's after her mother's decease. Likewise I give Bridget, my land in the long reach, next to that which was Capt. Pendleton's, being thirty-three pole broad front on the river, and so back the whole depth; which land afore said shall be Bridget's and her heirs for ever. If she die without heirs, then it shall fall to the heirs of her sister Margaret, after the decease of my said daughter Bridget.

4th. I give my son, William Vaughan, my land on the Grate Island, bought of Mr. Mason, and that acre given me by the town, which was laid out with an acre of Mr. Fryers. I allso give him two hundred pounds out of my estate, and all my houseing at the Isle of Shoals, on Star Island; together with that estate both in stock and debts that is in partnership with him there, provided he rest satisfied therewith upon the account of partnership in trading, betwixt us there. If he be not satisfied so, then, that the Island to be sould and the estate there valued and the balance to be given him out of my other estate, when our accounts are made up. And I do by these presents oblige my son, William Vaughan, not to expect any more out of my estate, for salary or anything done for me, at home or abroad, besides what he hath already received and is above expressed.

5th. I give my well beloved son, Thomas Daniel, two hundred pounds out of my estate.

6th. Furthermore, I give to my grandson Cutt Vaughan one hundred pound.

7th. I give to my grandchild, Elenor Vaughan, that house and land I bought of Mr. Mattoon, with that part of my land that comes from the Pulpit, the whole breadth of Mattoon's land, till it comes to my brother, John Cutt's land on the north, together with two hundred pounds, the legacies to be paid in money or equivalent.

8th. I give to my grandchild, Mary Vaughan, two hundred pounds in money, and the hundred and fifty acres of land and the meadow belonging to it, as I bought of Edward Hilton, as appears by bill of sale of Jno. Wegewood.

9th. Further, I will that what remains of my twenty pounds per annum subscribed to the college for myself and sons, be carefully discharged by my executors.

10th. I give to my brother Jno. Cutt ten pound to bie him mourning and ten pound to his wife and five pound to each of his children.

11th. I give to my sister Ann Shipway ten pound to bie mourning and five pound to my brother Shipway and five pound to his son Jno. Shipway.

12th. I give to my brother Robert Cutt's wid'r five pounds, and to each of his children five pound, as allso do I forgive the debt due on the book.

13th. I give Mr. Joshua Moody thirty pound and to his five children to say forty shillings to each of them.

14th. I give to my coz, Jno. Hale and his wife, five pound each of them.

15th. I give to the church of Portsmouth ten pound, to bie a piece of plate for the use of the church.

16th. I make my wife Elenor and my two daughters Margaret and Bridget my executors to whom I give the rest of my estate as well shipping or what else due to me in any part of the world, my debts and legacies paid and what remains to be divided in equal thirds between my wife and daughters. I make my brother Jno. Cutt, Mr. Joshua Moody, my son William Vaughan, and my son Thomas Daniel, my overseers, to see this my will performed. To the truth or this I have hereunto set my hand seal this tenth of May, 1675, Portsmo' in Piscataqua.

Per mee, RICH'D CUTT.[L.S.]

We whose names are under written do attest that Richard Cutt did own this to be his volentary act and deed. JNO. WINCALL, JNO. FLETCHER."

Note that item number 9 is a bequest to Harvard College amounting to 20 pounds per annum. {S6}.

Richard Cutt died in 1676, within one year after making his will. He was probably buried in Portsmouth, perhaps at the Point of Graves. His wife Elenore was the Administratrix of his estate, and w a beneficiary of the estate for use during her lifetime. Upon her death the estate was to revert to their grandson Cutt Vaughan. {S6}.

WIFE (1):
Elizabeth ALDERSLEY.
Born in 1628. (S?).

[F3799]. Eleanor LENDER (LEADER?).
Eleanor was the daughter of an English officer. {S6}.

CHILDREN of Richard CUTT [F3798] and Eleanor (LEADER?) [F3799]: