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Cadwallon Lawhir ap Einion and Meddyf

Cadwallon Lawhir ap Einion
Son of Einion Yrth ap Cunedda.
Cadwallon ap Einion (c. 460-534[citation needed]; reigned from c. 500[citation needed]), usually known as Cadwallon Lawhir ('Long Hand') and also called Cadwallon I by some historians, was a king of Gwynedd. He was a son of Einion Yrth[1] and Prawst ferch Deithlyn.

According to tradition, Cadwallon ruled during, or shortly after, the Battle of Mons Badonicus, and King Arthur's victory over the Saxons (in either the early 490s or the mid 510s). Cadwallon's name is not connected with the legendary battle, but he may have benefitted from the period of relative peace and prosperity throughout Britain that it procured. The most momentous military achievement of Cadwallon's reign was the final expulsion of Irish settlers on Anglesey, and the re-absorption of that island, which later became the cultural and political base of the kingdom, into Gwynedd.

Cadwallon's epithet, Lawhir, may possibly refer to him having longer than usual arms or might also be a metaphor, referring to the extent of his authority. The late medieval poet Iolo Goch claims that he could "reach a stone from the ground to kill a raven, without bending his back, because his arm was as long as his side to the ground."

According to Gildas, Cadwallon's son, Maelgwn Gwynedd, murdered his uncle to ascend to the throne, which suggests that someone other than Maelgwn himself inherited the kingdom upon Cadwallon's death. No clear evidence exists as to who this "lost king" might be (assuming, of course, that Gildas's account is reliable), but some have suggested the name of Owain Ddantgwyn as the unfortunate heir/victim.


CHILDREN of Cadwallon Lawhir ap Einion and Meddyf:
  1. Maelgwn Gwynedd


Cadwallon Lawhir ap Einion
Maelgwn Gwynedd
Rhun Hir ap Maelgwn
Beli ap Rhun
Iago ap Beli
Cadfan ap Iago
Cadwallon ap Cadfan
Cadwaladr ap Cadwallon
Idwal Iwrch ap Cadwaladr
Rhodri Molwynog ap Idwal
Cynan Dindaethwy ap Rhodri
Ethyllt ferch Cynan married Gwriad ap Elidyr
Merfyn Frych
           Rhodri Mawr (The Great) married Angharad ferch Meurig
    |                                                                    |
Cadell ap Rhodi                                              Anarawd ap Rhodri, King of Gwynedd     
Hywel Dda and Elen ferch Llywarch
Angharad ferch Hywel Dda and Tudor Trevor
Dyngad ap Tudor Trevor and Sissely 
Rhiwallon ap Dyngad. 
Caragdog ap Rhiwallon. 
Breichiol ap Caradog. 
Pyll ap Breichiol (c1060-?).
Meurig ap Pyll (c1095-?). 
Caradog of Penrhos. (c1125-?). 
Iorwerth ap Caradog and Alis ferch Bleddyn. (c1160-?).
Adam Gwent and (miss) de Seymour
John ap Adam  (Adam Fynchan)
(Sir) John ap Adam and Elizabeth de Gournay
(Sir) Thomas ap Adam and Joan Inge
William ap Adam
John ap Adam
Thomas ap Adam
John ap Adam
(Sir) John ap Adams  (He added the "s" to the name, and so his descendants use Adams instead of Adam)
Roger Adams
Thomas Adams
John Adams
John Adams
John Adams
Richard Adams and Margaret Armager
Robert Adams and Elizabeth Sharlon
Robert Adams and Eleanor Wilmot
Elizabeth Adams and Edward Phelps
Samuel Phelps and Sarah Chandler
John Phelps and Sarah Andrews
John Phelps and Deborah Lovejoy
Samuel Phelps and Margaret Nevins
Ebenezer Ferrin and Lydia Phelps
Samuel Ferrin and Sally Clotilda Powell
Lydia Powell Ferrin and George William Washington Williams
George William Williams and Harriett Thurston
Minnie Williams and Clive Vernon Tenney
Mildred Ella Tenney and Glenn Russell Handy
Deborah Lee Handy and Rodney Allen Morris